OBJECTIVES AND ACTIONS
Definition of a way to interrelate at the farm level these techniques to be able to improve the performance of the different uses of the farm.
The main components of this model are:
- Integrated forest management that allows the use of by-products of forest harvesting (cutting remains) as a basic resource for the rest of the farm’s activities.
- Multiple management of fruit trees with the production of pastures to complete the needs of livestock.
- Self-sufficient management of mountain orchards without plowing the soil and using forest resources as a basis for their fertility.
Impact on the environment
The project is considered a project of adaptation to climate change for the following reasons:
The soils play an important role in the storage of atmospheric CO2. Although the role of soils in southern Europe is small due to their low soil organic matter content, the proposed alternatives by Polyfarming such as: biochar, BRF and crops on a bed of trunks, offer the possibility of multiplying by 2 (or even more) the amounts of soil organic matter. Only in a direct way the application of the techniques proposed in the project represents an important addition of charcoal from the remains of forest cutting. Livestock activities also promote a carbon sequestration by the biological soil activity (roots and microorganisms). Thus, this management system, in addition to providing a profitable harvest to the farmer, also offers carbon sequestration in the soil in significant amounts that did not exist in the original situation of the abandonment.
- The applied techniques improve water harvesting and the capacity of retention of rainwater in the soil
- The applied forest management improves forest resilience to drought and decreases the risk of fire
- Finally, the applied techniques represent a reduction in the consumption of fossil fuels used in agro-silvo-pastoral management